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Cairo Citadel

Visit Infos

Cairo Citadel
Al Abageyah Qesm Al Khalifah, Cairo
  • Phone:
  • Category
    • Landmarks, Historical Building
  • Language Spoken
    • English
    • French
    • Arabic
    • Italian
    • Spanish
    • German
  • With
    • Scenic View
    • Essential
    • Unusual
    • Group Visit
  • Opening
    • 8 AM
  • closing
    • 5 PM

The Citadel of the Mountain (Qal‘at al-Jabal) in Cairo is one of the major works of military architecture of the middle ages. Situated on a spur that was artificially cut out of the Muqattam Hills, the Citadel dominates the city of Cairo and turns its back to the rocky hills and the desert behind. Founded by Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi (Saladin) in 1176 AD, the Citadel was a sign of the coming of a new regime whose roots were foreign and tastes were military. For almost seven centuries (1206-1874 AD), it was the seat of government for the Ayyubids (1171-1250 AD), Mamluks (1250-1516 AD), Ottomans (1516-1798 AD), and the Muhammad ‘Ali Family (1798-1952 AD), as well as a real and symbolic barrier between the rulers and the ruled. During this long period, it was the stage upon which the history of Egypt was played out.

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